Chronology Table of Policy #1(From ancient times to Meiji Era)

From ancient times to Meiji Era

Nara Era
717
Yoro Ritsuryo (Yoro Law)

In ancient Japanese code had provisions for the killing of rabid dogs.

Edo Era
1692
Shorui awaremi no rei (law prohibiting cruelty to animals)

Regulation to leash the rabid dog was established.

Meiji Era
1868
Tokyo Watchman Regulations Article 30
東京番人規則第30条

It was stated that if a rabid dog was found on the street, it was to be beaten to death and taken away.

1873
Meiji 6
Tokyo Prefectural Rules of Domestic Dog

Tokyo Prefectural Rules of Domestic Dog, No. 49, April 2, 1873 (Meiji 6)

A pioneering set of dog regulations was established by the Tokyo Prefectural Government, which later spread nationwide. The bludgeoning of rabid dogs became mandatory.

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1881
Meiji 14
Regulations for the Control of Domestic Dogs (Revised)

May 18, 1881 (Meiji 14) Police Order No. 26, Regulations for the Control of Domestic Dogs (Revised)

New requirements to report rabid dogs when they are found and to detain wild dogs by the Metropolitan Police Department were added.

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1896
Meiji 29
Enactment of the Animal Quarantine and Prevention Act

March 29, 1896 Law No. 60 Enactment of the Animal Quarantine and Prevention Act

Rabies prophylaxis was stipulated as a statutory infectious disease for the first time. There was no provision for the internment of wild dogs, but it became possible to quarantine imported animals and restrict their entry and exit by designating areas and types of animals. In addition, an allowance was given for the beating to death of animals to determine the cause of the disease.

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1897
Meiji 30
Notification of Preventive Measures against Zoonosis

(Official Gazette. Printing Office, Ministry of Finance, February 24, 1897)

February 24, 1897, Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce Notification No. 4, "Preventive Measures against Zoonosis#

Based on the Animal Quarantine and Prevention Act, the bludgeoning of rabid dogs and the symptoms of rabies were notified.

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Taisyo Era
1914
Taisyo 3
Notification of rabies prevention (quarantine measures)

December 8, 1914 (Taisho 3) Notification of Rabies Prevention, Agriculture No. 9423

The notification indicated that it is essential to obtain the cooperation of the local population in rabies quarantine.

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1922
大正11年
Act on the Prevention of Infectious Diseases in Livestock

April, 1922. Act No. 29. Act on the Prevention of Infectious Diseases in Livestock

Medical examinations, administration of immunizing serums, and immunization shots became possible when necessary. The law also made it possible to intern wild dogs.

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Click here for chronology after Showa Era (including Rabies Prevention Law)